ABA Applied Behavior Analysis – Acronym commonly used by adherents of some behavioral techniques to refer to a kind of careful analysis and tracking of behavior including its cues and consequences.
ABC Antecedents-Behavior-Consequences
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act – USA law that ensures rights of persons with disabilities with regard to employment and other issues.
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADI Autism Diagnosis Interview – A diagnostic scale for autism being developed by the Medical Research Council in London
ADOS Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale
AIT Auditory Integration Training
ANC Autism National Committee (organization)
ANDI Autism Network for Dietary Intervention
APD Auditory Processing Disorder
Aphasia Loss of ability to use or understand words
Apraxia A neurologically based disorder which occurs in adults, often (but not exclusively) as a consequence of stroke. The person has difficult sequencing movements in the service of a goal (ex: he may have the ability to raise his arm and wave his hand, but not when he consciously intendes to do so) apraxia may be specific to speech (e.g., “apraxia of speech”) or to the movement of other body parts (e.g., “limb apraxia”).
Apraxic Having to do with apraxia or a person with apraxia
ARI Autism Research Institute
ARRI Autism Research Review International
AS Asperger’s Syndrome/Autism Spectrum
ASA Autism Society of America
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder
ASL American Sign Language
Aspie A person with Asperger’s Syndrome
Atypical autism A general term for conditions that are close to but don’t quite fit the set of conditions of autism or other specific conditions.
Augmentative communication Communication augmented by a device
Autie A person with Autism
Autistic savant An autistic individual who displays incredible aptitude for one or two skills
Autistic Spectrum Disorders Term that encompasses autism and similar disorders. More specifically, the following five disorders listed in DSM-IV: Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder, PDD-NOS, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Rett’s Disorder.
Aversives Behavioral methods employing punishment rather than positive reinforcement
BBB Blood Brain Barrier (envelope that surrounds the brain)
BCBA Board Certified Behavior Analyst
BCABA Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst
BD Behavioral Disorder
BIC Behavior Improvement Class
BIP Behavior Improvement Plan
CAN Cure Autism Now (organization)
CAPD Central Auditory Processing Disorder
CARS Childhood Autism Rating Scale – a test developed at TEACCH to diagnose autism. The child is rated in 15 areas on a scale up to 4 yielding a total up to 60, ranges are considered to be non-autistic, autistic, and severely autistic.
CCF Community Care Facility
CD Celiac Disease
CDC Centers for Disease Control (US Government Agency)
CF Casein Free
CHAT Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (diagnostic tool) – A checklist used by General Practitioners at 18 months to see if a child has autism.
CLO Cod Liver Oil
Cluster Term used to label an unusually large number of occurrences of a disease or condition in one place. An “autism cluster” would be an unusually large number of cases of autism in (perhaps) a single locality. Clusters constitute evidence in the search for causes of diseases and conditions.
Communications notebook A notebook sent with a student (typically a special education student or young student) to and from school by which parents and teachers maintain (possibly) daily communication
CP Cerebral Palsy
CPS Child Protective Services
DAN! Defeat Autism Now! (Conferences, protocols set up by ARI under Richard Rimland)
DAN Doctor A physician who uses the DAN Protocol to diagnose autism
DAN Protocol An assessment protocol that examines the underlying disorders causing autism
DAS Developmental Apraxia of Speech
DCD Development Coordination Disorder
DD Developmentally Delayed
Discrete trial methods Term used for some behavioral methods (e.g., the Lovaas Method)
DH Developmentally Handicapped
DHH Deaf and Hard of Hearing
DMAE Dimethyl Aminoethanol
DMG Dimethylgycine
DSM Disability Statistical Manual (catalog of medical diagnoses)
DSM-III Diagnostic Statistical Manual (edition III)
DSM-IV Diagnostic Statistical Manual (edition IV-current version of this publication)
DSMR Diagnostic Statistical Manual-Revised
DSS Department of Social Services
DTT Discrete Trial Training – Lovaas’s ABA-ased method for treating children with autism
DX Diagnosed
Dyspraxia Term for a neurological symptom: a problem with “praxis” (i.e., planning, initiating, sequencing, and carrying out volitional movements.
ECG Electrocardiogram
Echolalia Repeating back something said to you. Delayed Echolalia is repeating it later. Both behaviors are found in many autistics. Functional Echolalia is using a quoted phrase in a way that has shared meaning. (ex: a child who sings the Barney jingle to ask for a Barney video tape, or says “get your shoes and socks” to ask to go outside>)
ED Emotionally Disturbed
EEG Electroencephalogram – A test consisting of recording brainwaves as picked up by electrodes. It is used to identify seizures. It is also used to differentiate LKS from other disorders in people with autistic symptoms
EFA Essential Fatty Acids (ex: omega3,6, 9… necessary for proper brain development)
EI Early Intervention
ELAP Early Learning Accomplishment Profile (evaluation tool)
EMF Electro Magnetic Field (i.e., in computer monitors)
ESY Extended School Year
FAPE Free Appropriate Public Education
FAS Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
FC Facilitated Communication
FCT Facilitated Communication Training
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FEAT Families for Early Autism Treatment (organization)
GARS Gillam Autism Rating Scale
GF Gluten-Free
GFCF Gluten-Free/Casein-Free (Gluten is wheat/Casein is dairy)
GI Gastrointestinal Tract
GSE Grape Seed Extract (i.e., Kirkman Labs product)
HFA High-Functioning Autism
Hyperlexia The ability to read at an early age, sometimes without linking the words to what the words mean
Hypotonia Low muscle tone
IBS Irritable bowel syndrome
ICF Immediate Care Facility
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Act – a US Law mandating the “Free and Public Education of all persons with disabilities between the ages of 3 and 21.
IEP Individual Education Plan
IFSP Individualized Family Service Plan
IgG An antibody involved in intraveneous immunoglobulin
IGIV or IgiV Intravenous immunoglobulin
Inclusion Mainstreaming
IVIgG Intravenous gamma globulin
IPP Individual Program Plan
Ketogenic diet Restricted diet used to prevent epileptic seizures
LSCSW Licensed Clinical Social Worker
LD Learning Disabled
LFA Low-Functioning Autistic
LKS Landau-Kleffner Syndrome
Lovaas A type of behavioral therapy
LRE Least Restrictive Environment
LSH Language, Speech and Hearing Specialist
Mainstreaming Placement of a disabled child with non-disabled peers in a regular classroom
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging – A diagnostic tool in the sense of an X-ray machine or CAT Scanner which creates internal images of the selected body parts. Rather than sending X-rays through the body, it builds its image data by testing the magnetism of the body tissue.
MSDD Multi-System Developmental Disorder – Stanley Greenspan’s term for an autistic-like set of symptoms
NDF NDF is a chlorella-based product used for heavy metal and other sorts of detoxification. There are some stories of people having very bad reactions/side effects going this route and so if this one is selected, parents are advised to go slowly and follow directions closely. As with anything, check with your doctor first.
Neuroleptic A class drug that included Haldol and Risperdal
NICHCY National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities
NIMG National Institutes for Mental Health
NIH National Institute of Health (US Government agency)
NOS Not Otherwise Specified
NT Neurotypical (i.e., normal)
NVIC National Vaccine Information Center
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCR Office of Civil Rights
Ocytocin A neurotransmitter
ODD Oppositional Defiant Disorder
OLE Olive Leaf Extract
OT Occupational Therapist
OTC Over the Counter (non-prescription)
PANDAS Pediatric Autoimmune Disorders Associated With Strep
PDD Pervasive Development Disorder
PDD-NOS Pervasive Development Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified
PECS Picture Exchange Communication System
PEP Psycho-Educational Profile
PEP-R Psycho-Educational Profile Revised – a test designed to assess the presence of autism and point toward treatment strategies and some areas of need
Perseveration Obsessive-like continued immediate repetition of behavior
Pica Ingestion of nonfood items
PMA Phenylmercuric Acetate (contains mercury; used in a lot of everyday products)
PMN Phenylmercuric Nitrate (contains mercury; used in a lot of everyday products)
PRT Pivotal Response Training
PT Physical Therapy
RDH Registered Dental Hygienist
Rx Prescription Medication
SAS Specialized Autism Services
Secretin A hormone used to diagnose digestive problems
Sensorimotor Pertaining to brain activity other than automatic functions (respiration, circulation, sleep) or cognition. Sensorimotor activity includes voluntary movement and senses like sight, touch and hearing.
Serotonin A neurotransmitter (i.e., brain chemical) that plays a part in communication within the nervous system.
S/L Speech/Language
SI Sensory Integration
SIB Self-Injurious Behavior
SLP Speech Language Pathologist
SIT Sensory Integration Therapy
SSI-DC Supplemental Security Income-Disabled Child
SSRI Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (These include Paxil, Prozac, Zoloft etc. Consult with your doctor before using GFSE if on any medication!)
STIM short for “self-stimulation”, a term for behaviors whose sole purpose appears to be to stimulate ones own senses.
TEACCH Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication of Handicapped Children
TOM Theory of Mind
TS Tourette Syndrome
VOICE Vaccination Options Information Coalition Education (US Autism Ambassador’s Vaccine Info Site)